Music theatre Opera 1956

King Stag (König Hirsch)

Opera in three acts by Heinz von Cramer after the fairytale of Earl Carlo Gozzi (1772)

(English by Maria Massey Pelikan)
Commissioned by the Städtische Oper Berlin

Period of composition 1953-56
Duration 240 minutes

Dedication:
Act I: Sir William and Lady Walton
Act II: Giuseppina d’Avalos
Act III: Nuria and Luigi Nono

World premieres

Fragmentary world premiere September 23rd, 1956

Berliner Festwochen · Städtische Oper

Production: Leonard Steckel
Stage design Jean-Pierre Ponnelle
Conductor Hermann Scherchen

 

First transmission October 4th, 1957

RAI · Orchestra e coro di Torino della RAI

Chiormaster Ruggero Machini
Conductor Nino Sanzogno

 

Scenic world premiere May 5th, 1985 Stuttgart

Württembergische Staatsoper

Production Hans Hollmann
Stage design Hans Hoffer
Costume design Frida Parmeggiani
Chiormaster Ulrich Eistert
Conductor Dennis Russell Davies

Comment

Baroque mechanical theatre, surrealism, the circus, theatre unleashed, music unleashed.

Indian myth of the changing human mind, transformation, metamorphosis. Princes and clowns appear, usurpers, brought down by sleepy marksmen, liberators and lovers.

“King Stag” is an opera about freedom In its original form this piece should only be performed in its entirety with no cuts of any sort.

Hans Werner Henze

Cast

The scene is set in a southern European landcape – a Venice between woods and sea

 

  soprano lirico spinto the girl
Scollatella soprano leggero

a lady of parts

Scollatella II

soubrette


Scollatella III

mezzosoprano


Scollatella IV

contralto



soprani (ragazzi o donne)

the two statues


alto

a lady in black


tenore eroico

the king

Checco

tenore buffo

a dreamy lad

Coltellino

tenore buffo

a shy murderer


baritono eroico

the governor


soprano, mezzosoprano ,contralto, tenore e basso

voices of the forest

Die Erfinder


clowns singing ad lib.


personaggio muto

the stag


ballerino

the parrot


coro

the women


personaggi muti

people, thugs, hunters, soldiers, animals, spirits

Instrumentation

3 Flauti3° anche Ottavino
2 Oboi
1 Corno inglese
2 Clarinetti
1 Clarinetto basso
2 Fagotti
1 Controfagotto
4 Corni
3 Trombe3° anche Tromba piccola antica in do (ad lib.)
2 Tromboni
1 Tuba
Timpani
PercussioneTriangolo
Piatti sospesi
Piatti a due
Tamtam
3 Tomtom
Tamburino
Tamburo piccolo
Tamburo militare
Grancassa (con e senza il piatto)
Claves, Maracas
Legno, Legnetti
Campane da rumba
Glockenspiel
Xilofono
Campane tubolari
[per 7]
Arpa
Celesta
Pianoforte
Organo ad lib.
Clavicembalo
Fisarmonica
Chitarra
Mandolino
Archi

 

Sul palco

1 Flauto
1 Clarinetto
4 Corni
3 Trombe
Triangolo
Piatto sospeso
Piatti a due

Tamburino
2 Tamburi piccoli
Tamburo militare
Grancassa
Glockenspiel
Vibrafono
Campanelli

10 Campane tubolari
Celesta
Organo
Mandolino
1 Violino